This new report summarises current scientific knowledge about the determinants of health inequalities experienced by children with a learning disability in the UK.
The existing evidence and new analyses presented in this report
concludes that, when compared with their non-disabled peers,
children with a learning disability in England are at increased
risk of exposure to all of the major categories of social
determinants of poorer physical and mental health. They are:
- more likely to live in households characterised by low
socio-economic position and poverty; they are also more likely to
be exposed to recurrent poverty and to become poor; they are less
likely to escape from poverty
- more likely to be exposed to a wide range of material and
psychosocial hazards that are detrimental to their health,
including inadequate nutrition, poor housing conditions, exposure
to environmental toxins, family, peer and community violence, poor
parenting and family instability - this increased risk of exposure
is likely to result from the combined effects of the link between
child learning disability and poverty and systemic and overt
discrimination faced by people with learning disabilities in
- less likely to have access to the resources necessary to build
resilience in the face of adversity.
The report includes recommendations targeted at local and
national government in order to address the health inequities faced
by children with a learning disability in England. These
recommendations focus on three areas:
- reducing child poverty
- reducing exposure to specific hazards
- building resilience.
The report is available on the Improving Health and Lives (IHAL) website.
- Determinants of Child Health Inequalities : PDF